Mule deer are a species of special management concern in St'at'imc territory, because of their cultural importance to the St'at'imc, their sensitivity to landscape changes in their winter ranges, and the vulnerability of their migration routes and fawning areas. In the winter time mule deer survival requires old and mature Douglas-fir stands with well developed canopies that intercept snow, provide security and thermal cover and provide food through litterfall. Mule deer winter ranges are full protection areas in the St'at'imc preliminary draft land use plan, as are their migration routes and fawning areas.


Other types of mule deer habitat in St'at'imc territory, including spring and summer areas, are designated as deer special management areas. Resource use may be permitted subject to certain restrictions, including: no cattle grazing or other range use; no chemical pesticide or herbicide use, or other chemical treatments; no mining or oil and gas development; no new commercial or residential development, and no clearcutting. The intention is to make a transition over time back to traditional St'at'imc management using fire in Deer Special Management Areas.

"Deer are not only part of my life spiritually, mentally and physically, but they are also a part of our ecosystem. For this reason we are protecting their habitats." - Chris Thevarge, N'Quat'qua